QNUK Level 3 Award in the Legal Use of Restraint Equipment (Security) (RQF)

Introduction

This qualification is aimed at those wishing to understand the laws that pertain to the legal use of restraint equipment by private security operatives.

This qualification provides the knowledge and skills required of security operatives who are expected to use restraint equipment (handcuffs) as part of their day to day duties such as security guards, door supervisors, court security officers or hospital security.

Handcuffs are legally classified as a 'temporary restraint device' and legally any security operative in Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland can use handcuffs where they have been properly trained and certified to a competent standard in their safe use...

Designed by an Expert

This course has been specially designed, prepared and written by a 31 year veteran of the private security industry and highly competent Expert Witness on the Use of Force.

Any Use of Force Encounters can involve a fluid, dynamic incident and any number of things can go horrifically wrong, very quickly and quick decision making skills are required, but also importantly security operatives must be able to subdue a violent attacker safely as part of a legal 'safe system of work' if they and their employers wish to avoid criminal prosecution for a restraint related death where the use of handcuffs could have saved a human life.

It is therefore imperative that security operatives have a full understanding as to the law in relation to the safe mechanisation of a physical manual restraint to safeguard themselves and the assailant in pursuance of preventing positional asphyxia and restraint related injuries and thereby safeguarding themselves and the detainee. 

Statute v Common Law

This specialist course is not just based on statute law, but various case precedents as well as the latest legal cases and evidence from the criminal courts surrounding use of force by private security operatives and others who use force. Our course is a valuable resource for all security operatives and security organisations who deploy security operatives to retail and licensed premises.

We have assisted many solicitors and advocates within the legal profession in understanding the legal parameters of use of force by private security operatives through 31 years of occupational experience and 20 years of study of the criminal laws that pertain to it.

We go far beyond any other course of its kind and is evidence-based training from private legal research of over 752 legal cases, thats why we offer this as a Level 3 qualification through Qualifications Network UK.

Whats more, this course unlike any other covers the three separate legal jurisdictions across the United Kingdom. So you can rest assured that by attending a course in Scotland, as an example, then it will cover Scottish Laws that pertain to the use of force instead of other courses that cover English Law only.

Why Should You Undertake This Course?

A common reality in today's private security industry is the lack of understanding of the dangers of manual restraint alone. This very often results in security operatives pinning or restraining a detainee on the ground. A restrained person can die within a ver short few minutes. In some restraint death cases persons detained by security operatives can die while awaiting the arrival of the police and this is evidenced by our own legal work on criminal cases.

Another common factor is that security providers largely lack any policies or procedures in relation to use of force and physical restraint and in some occasions have unlawfully stated that security operatives cannot restrain a violent offender or even to protect themselves from assault.

Key Benefits of Undertaking This Course.

A key benefit of having your security operatives undertake this course is that security professionals should undertake continuous professional development to expand their legal knowledge in decreasing employers liability and compensation through pre-incident risk management and post incident forensic findings. Our training is directly designed with teaching security operatives on the street, and preventing officers from being unjustly convicted of criminal excessive use of force.

Security operatives receive minimal training as part of their SIA licence linked qualification and unfortunately the security training sector is drowning with poor standards and a lack of quality training. These courses are often taught by individuals who have never worked in the private security industry and lack any occupational competence. The other issue is that it can potentially be many years after an initial training course before a security operative will carry out any continuous professional development meaning that people forget and as such can literally talk themselves into criminal charges due to a lack of knowledge as to what the law permits and justification required by the courts.

This is the only qualification of it's kind that covers the three separate legal systems across the U.K. depending on where the learner is planning on working.

About the Course

The QNUK Level 3 Award in the Legal Use of Restraint Equipment (Security) (RQF) is a new qualification specifically designed for those security operatives that are deemed to be working in a high risk environment and where a suitable and sufficient risk assessment has been drawn up and identifies physical intervention as a manual handling activity as a high risk and requires that risk to be reduced to the lowest form.

Fully qualified instructors with many years of experience will demonstrate and guide students with effective techniques to aid professional development. Students will work as an individual and in teams through scenario based training exercises and finally assessed by way of multiple choice exams and practical examination.

Health and Safety

Security operatives must be afforded every reasonably practicable means of protecting themselves by law under Section 2 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, as well as other legislation and minimising the need to use force in order to perform their duties.

The lawful use of handcuffs allows security staff to restrict the movements of persons whom have been physically restrained and yet chose to continue to offer violence or display a determination to evade arrest.

Over recent years the use of handcuffs have become more recognised as a safer restraint than manual pro-longed physical restraint to properly restrain violent individuals during an incident, especially for SIA Licensed Door Supervisors as a reliable, effective and legally compliant way of restraining people. 

There have been many cases of door supervisors restraining individuals for prolonged periods and this has led to positional asphyxia and has resulted in death and a resulting prosecution.

There have also been numerous cases of restraint related injuries resulting in civil suits against licensed premises, security companies and individual security operatives.

All employers are legally required to undertake a ‘suitable and sufficient’ risk assessment of their employees and their undertaking. This means that if you expect your security staff to use physical restraint of customers who are violent then you must provide this training for them to enable the health safety and welfare of themselves and of others to be complied with legally or this may very well result in a criminal prosecution against the employer for breaching the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007.

However, it is essential that proper training is carried out by a recognised and specialist training provider in order that the legal and medical implications of using this mechanical restraint are fully understood.

The promotion of a prolonged restraint is highly dangerous and can lead to serious restraint related injuries and death of the person restrained. This clearly demonstrates a lack of any safe system of work in relation to physical restraint.  

What You Get When You Train With Us.

Legal Reports

We write specialist legal training documents and these are largely free to all those who train with us and we shall continue to write and support our students.

Tutor Support

We  are not just a training provider! We provide specialist legal courses that are 'fit for purpose' and developed on the needs and safety of security operatives. As part of our ethical standards we  support everyone who chooses to train with us and believe in providing full support to our students. 


Legal Systems

This course covers Scotland, England and Wales and Northern Ireland's separate legal systems.

International Training

We are happy to travel anywhere in the U.K. but also we love to travel and meet new friends. If you would like our training team to deliver this course in your country please get in touch.

What You'll Get When You Train With Us:

  • Specialist Legal Handbook on the Law in Relation to Use of Force.
  • Handbook on Health & Safety Legislation relating to Handcuffs.
  • Medical Implications of Using Restraint Equipment.
  • Handcuffing Techniques Handbook.
  • Access to Legal Updates and Journals.
  • One Year 24/7 Access to your course tutor to ask Questions.
  • Training carried out by an Expert Witness on the Use of Force.

False and Dangerous Information

It comes as no surprise to security operatives that they have received legally misleading information stating that they cannot use force, or that they are not allowed to restrain a violent offender or protect themselves when being assaulted. This is simply not the case in Scots, English, Welsh or even Northern Irish Law and this can be highly dangerous not to restraint and can even be held as a breach of a legal duty of care to others. 

There has been much confusion as to the legal use of handcuffs by private security operatives which are a use of force option in law. This is often created by mis-informed or belligerent training providers who lack any occupational experience of working in high risk environments and lack any basic legal knowledge. It is actually illegal in Scotland to provide deliberately misleading information and criminal charges can be laid against any individual or training provider / company giving out such reckless information. This is clarified in our legal report which has been rigorously checked by our own legal team. 





Ultra Vires


Unfortunately private security operatives have been provided with unlawful information that is not only illegal to do so but is actually a criminal offence to provide misleading or incorrect information that endangers a member of the publics life. Door supervisors and Security Officers are members of the public and can legally challenge any information that they receive that they feel places their own or another life at danger. 


Some of the most ridiculous things we have herd from statutory bodies is that it is illegal to use handcuffs, wear safety boots, such as steal toe capped boots, or that it is illegal to use a pain compliance technique to save your own life. This information is in direct contravention to the Human Rights Act under article 2 - the Right to Life, and must be legally challenged where upon you hear such erroneous and legal falsehoods and we will provide full clarification on this and more... 

Course Tutor

Steven Morrison Expert Witness


Steven Morrison is a registered expert witness on the use of force and writes legal reports and gives evidence daily under criminal procedure for solicitors and advocates.. 

Book Your Place Now!

Please note that places are limited to 12 learners to 1 tutor. Please book early to avoid disappointment.

Who should do this course?

The Level 3 Award in the Legal Use of Restraint Equipment (Security) (RQF) qualification is aimed at those wishing to understand the laws that pertain to the legal use of restraint equipment by private security operatives.

This qualification provides the knowledge and skills required of security operatives who are expected to use restraint equipment (handcuffs) as part of their day to day duties such as security guards, door supervisors, court security officers or hospital security.

It has been designed:

  • For individuals who work in the retail sector, licensed trade, event security, corporate security, hospital security, court security officers and other front line roles
  • For managers who are interested in knowing more about use of force by security operatives
  • For directors who want to understand the use of force and safeguarding as well as safe systems of work when it comes to physical restraint
  • For those in security who require a professional development qualification for a clearer understanding on the use of force by their security operatives for the purposes of internal audits and or disciplinary  
  • For individuals who have completed some introduction to training qualifications
  • For those that wish to prevent / off-set civil liability to their company through a civil action case being brought for a use of force incident.
What can I do with this qualification?

There are a number of things this qualification can be used to evidence such as;

  • Demonstrate to the legal profession such as police, prosecutors and courts that you are trained to a higher standard than others within the security industry
  • Evidencing your professionalism to current or future employers
  • Reflection on own practice grounded upon reading
  • Dedication to professional values in law that impact on working in your area
  • Differentiate yourself from others within the private security industry by achieving this qualification to those in the licensed trade, security companies and licensing boards
Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

What are the learning outcomes for this course?

Unit 1 Principles of reasonable force for security personnel

  • Understand Human Rights legislation as it applies to the individual and the use of force
  • Know how to use the national decision-making model
  • Understand the importance of justification through incident report writing skills

Unit 2 option 1 Legal requirements of Reasonable Force (England, Wales and Northern Ireland)

  • Understand the law in relation to reasonable force as it pertains to England, Wales and Northern Ireland

Unit 2 option 2 Legal requirements of Reasonable Force (Scotland)

  • Understand the law in relation to reasonable force as it pertains to Scotland

Unit 3 Health and Safety Legislation and the use of restraint equipment

  • Understand health and safety legislation related to the use of restraint equipment at work
  • Understand how to minimise the risk of harm when using restraint equipment
  • Know the make-up of different hand cuffs
  • Be able to apply handcuffs to a passive subject
  • Be able to apply handcuffs to an aggressive subject
  • Be able to demonstrate double locking and checking tightness of handcuffs

The 3 legal systems

Which legal system is covered on this course?

This qualification is available to learners across the UK.

  • Due to legislative differences in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, compared to Scotland, learners are able to undertake the unit(s) including specifications of Law in the country in which they may be working.
  • For ease of use we have broken this down into two separate assessment papers for England, Wales and Northern Ireland and a separate version for Scotland.
Prerequisites/Before the course


Prerequisites/Before the course
  • You must be a minimum of 18 years old
  • Be physically fit enough to undertake a physical course of this kind
  • Good reading & writing skills in English at Literacy Level 2 or above
  • This is an intensive 1 day course and you must be prepared to undertake the course in this full knowledge. Do not turn up to this course un-prepared as it is not a tick box course and is a specialist course to enable you to gain the full facts as to the law in relation to the use of force
  • A photographic proof of identification [Any 1 of the following]
    • Valid Passport (any nationality)
    • Signed UK Photo Card Driving Licence
    • Valid Warrant Card issued by HM Forces or Police
    • Other photographic ID card, e.g. Security Industry Authority Licence (must be front-line).
  • English Skills: Security operatives are likely in the course of their work to be required to make calls to the emergency services, or need to communicate to resolve conflict. It is essential that security operatives are able to communicate clearly. It is the centre’s responsibility to ensure that each learner is sufficiently competent in the use of the English and/or Welsh language. 
  • As a guide, learners should as a minimum have language skills equivalent to the following;
  • a B1 level qualification on the Home Office’s list of recognised English tests and qualifications
  • an ESOL qualification at (Level 1) on the Ofqual register taken in England, Wales or Northern Ireland
  • an ESOL qualification at Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework level 5 awarded by the Scottish

Qualifications Authority (SQA) and taken in Scotland

  • Functional Skills Level 1 in English
  • SQA Core Skills in Communication at Scottish Credit and Qualifications Framework level 5
  • Essential Skills Wales Communication Level 1.

There are no other pre-requisites for this qualification.

Ideally learners must provide at least 1 form of photo I.D. If photo I.D is not available, 2 forms of non- photographic I.D can be produced.

Acceptable forms of photographic I.D (1 required) are:

  • Signed UK Photo card driving licence

  • Signed passport (any nationality)

  • Valid EU Photo identity card

  • SIA Front line security licence (with photo)

  • Current and valid warrant card issued by HM forces or Police

  • Current and valid Prison service card (with photo)

  • UK biometric residence permit

  • Proof of age card

  • Employee photo identification card

  • Student photo identification card for a recognised educational establishment

  • Firearms license (with photo)

Acceptable forms of non-photographic I.D (2 required) are:

  • Current driving license – paper version

  • Birth certificate

  • Marriage/civil partnership certificate

  • Mortgage statement (issued within past 12 months)

  • Bank or building society statement (issued within last 3 months)

  • Bank or building society account opening confirmation letter (issued within last 3 months)

  • Credit card statement (issued within last 3 months)

  • Pension or endowment financial statement (issued within last 12 months)

  • P45 or P60 statement (issued within last 12 months)

  • Council tax statement (issued within last 12 months)

  • Valid work permit or visa issue by UK government

  • Utility bill – excluding mobile phone bill (issued within last 3 months)

  • Benefit statement e.g. child benefit, pension (issued within last 3 months)

Awarding Organisation


Who are QNUK?
Qualifications Network are an OFQUAL approved nationally recognised Awarding Organisation.
Certificate Title


Certificate Title
QNUK Level 3 Award in the Legal Use of Restraint Equipment (Security) (RQF) (Your certificate will state which legal system you have undertaken and this is clearly displayed upon your qualification.

Example Qualification


Possible Results

The course is marked by the 3x multiple choice exam papers and also the completion of an incident report. 

Course Fees
Course Fees 
£245 Temporarily reduced to £165 until 12th of March then the course fee will  return to the original price of £245. (No hidden charges!)

Single

Byline about this plan.

A single booking per individual.

£165 / per individual

Group

Up to 6 people.

There is a 10% discount for small group of up to 6 individuals. Does not include travel or accommodation for tutor.

​£891 / per group of up to 6

Team

Up to 12 people.

There is a 20% discount discount for up to 12 individuals. Does not include travel or accommodation for tutor.

​£1,584 / per group of up to 12 

All plans exclude travel and accommodation for course tutor.

Reasons to do the course with us
  • Specialist Legal Trainer with 31+ years’ of door supervision experience (and still on the doors), 23+ years’ experience of delivering Training in Self Defence, 16+ years' delivering Security & Conflict Management courses (pre-dating the SIA), 10+ years’ experience of delivering Physical Intervention courses, 8+ years of delivering Handcuffing Qualifications, 8+ years’ experience of working as an expert witness on the use of force.
  • We have helped hundreds of learners in getting through their initial security qualification and we now focus on advanced courses as our primary business model and commitment to advancing the private security industry. 
  • We (Proactive Training Scotland) are a Qualifications Network approved centre and dedicated to #RaisingProfessionalStandards within the security industry. 
Our Guarantee
Our 100% Money Back Guarantee
  • If you are not satisfied with our course, you can ask for a refund on the day of your course and you do not need to provide a reason. We are really confident about our course.
  • To comply with our terms and conditions you must bring to attention to the course tutor before you sit your exam. 
  • You will not be permitted to undertake the course exam if you do ask for a refund and you must hand back your course training manual. Failure to comply with these conditions will terminate your rights to a refund.
Course dates

Please see our course booking page for dates. Please note that we run this course very seldom due to legal work. If you would like to organise a course for your own staff then pleasecontact us as we are happy to travel.

Follow Up Support
  • On-going Email Support after the course (We normally respond within 2 hours.)
  • Telephone Support during Office Hours (9 am to 6 pm Monday to Friday, 2pm to 6pm Saturday and Sunday)
  • On-going support through our Facebook Group page which you will be added to after attending the course
Certificate Turnaround Time
  • The awarding organisation Qualifications Network have a turn around time of 7 days after receipt of receiving the course paperwork. We send your qualification within 24 hours after receipt from QNUK by recorded delivery.  
Delivery method

The course is only delivered face to face to give you the best available training which allows you to:

  • Ask the course tutor lots of questions throughout each lesson
  • Videos are used to evidence actual cases and we examine the use of force in these cases
  • We clearly explain the legal concepts surrounding reasonable force
  • Legal case precedents are used to help to clearly legal points that pertain to the use of force and what constitutes reasonable force in law
  • An in-depth handbook covering the law is provided to all learners 
  • Discussions with peers and tutor on the course help to create better understanding of each topic

and much more...

Assessments

Candidates are assessed for this qualification using the following methods:

  • Multiple-choice question paper x 2
  • Written report
  • Practical observation

Multiple-Choice Question paper

  • Each candidate will be assessed for this qualification by the completion of a multiple-choice question paper.
  • Candidates will be required to score a minimum of 70% correct answers to achieve a pass.

Written report

  • Learners have up to 45 minutes to complete an incident report form.
  • This report must provide an appropriate justification for the use of reasonable force.

Practical Observation

All candidates must achieve 100% pass in the practical observations.

Reasonable adjustments

All candidates are required to complete the assessment criteria in a manner appropriate to the purpose of the qualification.

The prescribed assessment methods for this qualification should not unfairly disadvantage candidates, who would otherwise be able to demonstrate competence in the assessment criteria and in line with the purpose of the qualification.

If you feel the assessment methods above would disadvantage you please contact us in advance of the course to discuss reasonable adjustment.

If you would like to book please click below. External link to Proactive Training Scotland.

What Our Students Are Saying

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